General health perception showed good convergent validity for physical health but poor convergent validity for mental health. Significantly higher quality of life was found in the control measurement after one year in comparison to the evaluation before radiotherapy started. Evidence of construct validity is acceptable on variables of age, gender, socio-economic class, Jenkinson, et al 1993 presence or absence of chronic physical problems and recent consultation with general practitioner 2 weeks or outpatient service 3 months Brazier et al, 1992. For the purposes of illustration, the sleep section of the Nottingham Health Profile containing 5 statements is used. Specifically, the Oxford Healthy Life Survey was confined to central England and limited to people aged between 16 and 64 years. Similar patterns of correlations between the eight scales and the components were observed across all countries and across age and gender subgroups within each country. The collected data covered patient, staff, and department levels.
Greater social problem—solving ability is associated with better mental health—related quality of life and, in turn, to less suicidal behavior. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of torasemide and furosemide on biochemical parameters of haemodynamic and neurohormonal compensation, myocardial remodelling, clinical outcomes and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure. Information was obtained about a history of lifetime suicidal behavior, past 4-week pain level, demographics, social functioning, childhood abuse, depressive symptoms, severity of alcohol and sleep problems. About the score developer: Dr. The analysis also revealed the presence of numerous ceiling effects across domains. Background: Individuals with alcohol use disorders have been shown to be at increased risk for suicidal behaviors and chronic pain. Interventions promoting social problem—solving ability may increase quality of life and reduce suicide risk in primary care patients.
The most common adverse events were nasopharyngitis, pruritus and hypoalbuminemia. Results: A total of 7449 patients completed the HeartQoL instrument. Lower scores reflect better QoL. Physical pain is a prevalent and potentially impairing experience in adults seeking treatment for alcohol dependence. We refer to it as a generic health survey because it can be used across age 18 and older , disease, and treatment group, as opposed to a disease-specific health survey, which focuses on a particular condition or disease. Its structure is also the psychometric basis for scoring physical and mental health summary scales, which are proving useful in simplifying and interpreting statistical analyses. Results from a large-scale survey and a clinical trial.
The calculation of the scale values associated with each statement is described and a new method of deriving weights from the scale values is proposed. Results The scale is reliable and has content validity. Cronbach alpha reliability coefficients ranged from 0. The statistical analysis revealed that the experience of physical pain was significantly associated with lower level of education, unemployment, experience of sexual abuse before 18 years of age, and severity of alcohol dependence as well as other potential predictors of relapse impulsivity, sleep problems, general psychopathology. Any need for dose adjustment is assessed during the observation. Better management and adherence may reduce unmet need and disease burden. The manual comprehensively outlines scoring and includes methods of item recoding, recalibration, treatment of missing data, computing raw scores, and transformation of scores.
Objective: Physical pain is considered a potential predictor of relapse in alcohol-dependent individuals after treatment. Therefore it is well suitable for detecting depression in the Polish population and its results are similar to those obtained for North American populations. The researchers found for all dimensions 91-98% of cases lay within the 95% confidence interval. Background Approximately 50% of heart failure patients are readmitted to hospital within 6 months, owing to deterioration of their condition. Interval scaling of responses could be verified in some, but not all, items. This was particular to the elderly and Pacific people. On-line demonstration and scoring are available.
The Health Survey for England has a greater geographic coverage than either the Oxford Healthy Life Survey or the Sheffield Survey, and included people aged 16 or more years, with no upper age limit. Development and testing of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey summary scale scores in the United Kingdom. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether reductions in pain level during the follow-up period after treatment were associated with lower relapse risk. The Sheffield survey was limited to patients from two general practitioner surgeries in the area, and to those aged between 16 and 74 years. Correlations with the physical component were highest 0. Factor analysis confirmed the two-dimensional construct although mixed results were found regarding the model fit. The face validity was checked during lay panel sessions at which the translated questionnaire was administered to subjects from the general public, hospital employees, and subjects with a low level of education.
Examination of differences between mild, moderate and severe disease states revealed four significant main effects for: physical functioning, role limitation due to physical functioning, general health perceptions and energy and vitality. The Physical Functioning dimension has consistently exceeded 0. Table shows that all domains were positively skewed, with participants tending to give more favourable responses. Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the HeartQoL instrument in a population of stable coronary patients. A study consisting of 19,785 respondents over 18 years of age yielded an 80. For all items tests of normality were rejected, however, this confirms the pattern of distribution found elsewhere. Respondents and methods: Stratified random sampling was used.
Conclusions: Decreases in pain level following treatment for alcohol dependence are associated with, and may contribute to, a lower risk of alcohol relapse. Utility index scores were derived using the Polish time trade-off value set. These advances are likely to lead to better precision as well as greater responsiveness in longitudinal studies. Analyses were conducted among 3,445 patients and were replicated across 24 subgroups differing in sociodemographic characteristics, diagnosis, and disease severity. Secondary correlations for both clusters of scales were much lower. The basic psychometric properties, like reliability and validity estimates of these versions have not been defined.